May 17, 2013
The Government of Japan through its supplementary budget has given USD3 million to the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM), which will be used to fund humanitarian activities of reintegration for 5,000 Rwandan returnees and other vulnerable community members.
The project-“Enhancing Socio-Economic Reintegration of Returnees and other vulnerable groups” within 2013-2014, seeks to contribute to sustainable growth by building on the results of the previous reintegration accomplishments. The assistance will be provided in the form of vocational skills trainings, small business start-up kits, livestock and housing assistance as appropriate.
The project, now in phase four, will be implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs (MIDIMAR) to assist Rwandan refugees who returned home from the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda in 2009.
With generous support from the Government of Japan, IOM has been able to provide direct assistance in securing livelihood opportunities to 8,000 beneficiaries and indirectly reaching out to and positively affecting the lives of 40,000 returnees and vulnerable groups since 2010.
The Government of Japan committed a total of USD4.5 million to implement phase four of the comprehensive socio-economic reintegration programme which covers 21 Districts in three provinces, up from the 10 districts covered in previous phases.
And starting from May 2013, the project phase will cover, for a one-year period, ten Districts respectively: Karongi, Rutsiro, Nyabihu, Rubavu and Nyamasheke in the Western Province, Gisagara, Huye, Nyamagabe and Nyaruguru in the Southern Province and Musanze District in the Northern Province.
IOM’s reintegration project involves, assessing the labour and skills market opportunities; strengthening government capacity to ensure effective reintegration of returnees and community development; and providing 3,000 beneficiaries with vocational training and other income generating opportunities.
IOM has also provided housing assistance to 2,000 vulnerable beneficiaries and improved access to basic community infrastructure to enable the absorption capacity of the communities with higher number of returnees.
The project is part of a multilateral mechanism established in the framework of the Cessation Clause of refugee status with an inter-agency reintegration programme, which was approved by the Government of Rwanda, United Nations agencies and other partners in December 2012.
Minister of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs, Seraphine Mukantabana says that this program is in line with the Government preparedness plan to receive and reintegrate a big number of returnees who may massively come following the implementation of the Cessation Clause set to come into effect on June 30, 2013. Minister also stressed that the Government has initiated several other programs in order to ensure that all Rwandan returnees, however many they can be, are sustainably reintegrated.
“We have another bigger program jointly initiated by MIDIMAR and One UN in Rwanda in order to ensure sustainable return and reintegration of Rwandan returnees. This program encompasses all aspects in which returnees need to be assisted such as health insurance, education for children, shelters, justice related matters, etc. All those programs are meant to enhance the country’s readiness to receive and reintegrate all Rwandans who will voluntarily return,” emphasized Minister Mukantabana.
The Project of Enhancing Socio economic Reintegration of Rwandan returnees and other vulnerable groups commenced in 2010. During its first phase, it covered all districts of the Western Province and three Districts of the Southern Province namely: Nyamagabe, Nyaruguru and Gisagara. In 2011, it was implemented in five District of the Eastern Province respectively: Nyagatare, Gatsibo, Kayonza, Bugesera and Kirehe.
The third phase implemented in 2012 covered four districts in the Nothern Province namely: Musanze, Burera, Rulindo and Gicumbi and three districts in the Eastern Province including Rwamagana, Bugesera and Ngoma.